Credit…Demetrius Freeman for The New York Times

Protests continue nationwide, with signs of an ebb after dark.

Two weeks after George Floyd was killed in Minneapolis, demonstrations against police violence continued to fill the streets of cities and towns across the country on Monday.

About 1,000 protesters gathered in Los Angeles near a memorial for those killed by the police. Thousands more called for police reforms before a City Council meeting in Charlotte, N.C. And more than 1,000 made their way to a march that began in Washington Square Park in Manhattan.

“This is a young, young revolution,” said Vidal Guzman, 29, as he led marchers down Fifth Avenue in New York. “These are teenagers, people in their 20s, 30-year-olds. We have energy. We believe in what we’re doing, and we’re not going to let up.”

Still, there were signs in parts of the country that the demonstrations that have raged through cities after dark over the past two weeks appeared to be ramping down in many places.

By Monday night in Washington, after more than 40,000 people descended on the nation’s capital over the weekend, the city — for the most part — was quiet. The mouth of Lafayette Square, just yards from the White House, which had been a focal point for days of protests, was more a place of tribute than raised voices.

The black chain-link fence erected last week to keep protesters out had been adorned with flowers and flags, signs and posters. “Stop killing us,” one read. Another: “I am not a threat.”

Geoff Thiel, 24, of Washington, was still in the park after arriving on Tuesday to hand out food and water from the back of a dilapidated white Volvo. Now, he and other volunteers had a tent, foldout tables and a significantly larger inventory.

Mr. Thiel opted to measure the crowd size by water bottles distributed. On Saturday: well over a thousand. Monday, he said, “just a few hundred.”

Still, with the economic devastation caused by the coronavirus giving people plenty of time to participate, activists vowed not to lose visibility or momentum. And it seemed it might only take another incident of police violence, like those seen during demonstrations across the country in recent weeks, to renew the rage.

“I’ll come out day after day after day,” said Andrew Jackson, a 25-year-old government contractor who said his own experiences of police abuse had compelled him to cut back on his work hours and join rallies in Washington.

While city streets have calmed throughout much of the country, the Pacific Northwest has continued to see tense nightly standoffs between demonstrators and the police. On Monday, demonstrators in Portland, Ore., began their latest march by shutting down Interstate 84, while those in Seattle moved barricades in the city’s Capitol Hill neighborhood to create a protected space.

The persistent pressure from demonstrators has stirred further change in police departments. In Portland, Chief Jami Resch announced Monday that she was stepping down, saying new leadership was needed to help rebuild trust. In Seattle, police officers abandoned and boarded up their East Precinct building, which has been the center of demonstrations in the city.

Both cities have vowed to limit their use of tear gas, although at a protest that lasted from Sunday night into Monday morning, the police in Seattle still ended up discharging it, saying they were being targeted with projectiles. Two City Council members have called on Seattle’s mayor, Jenny Durkan, to resign.

Democrats in Congress unveil a bill to rein in bias and excessive force in policing.





Democrats Unveil New Bill to End Excessive Use of Force in Policing

Democratic lawmakers introduced legislation that is aimed at making it easier to identify, track and prosecute police misconduct.

“This movement of — moment of national anguish is being transformed into a movement of national action as Americans from across the country peacefully protest to demand an end to injustice. Today with the Justice and Policing Act, the Congress is standing with those fighting for justice and taking action.” “The Justice and Policing Act establishes a bold transformative vision of policing in America. Never again should the world be subjected to witnessing what we saw on the streets in Minneapolis.” “We’re here because black Americans want to stop being killed. Just last week, we couldn’t even pass an anti-lynching bill in the United States Senate. So when we look at where we are now with this piece of legislation we have to understand, yes as a country, we’ve seen great progress. But just last week in the year of our Lord 2020, we could not get an anti-lynching bill passed in the United States Senate.” “Black people came to this country against their will — chained, shackled — and came to these shores enslaved, and stayed that way for 244 years. Think about how long that is, how many generations that is.”

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Democratic lawmakers introduced legislation that is aimed at making it easier to identify, track and prosecute police misconduct.CreditCredit…Anna Moneymaker/The New York Times

Democratic lawmakers in Congress introduced legislation on Monday aimed at ending excessive use of force by police officers across the country, and making it easier to identify, track and prosecute police misconduct.

The bill was introduced as a direct response to the recent killings of unarmed black Americans by police officers, as protests against police violence and racial discrimination continue across the country. It is the most expansive intervention into policing that lawmakers have proposed in recent memory.

The measure would curtail existing legal protections that shield police officers who are accused of misconduct from being prosecuted, and would impose new restrictions to prevent law enforcement officers from using deadly force, except as a last resort. It includes many proposals that civil rights activists have been pushing for decades against opposition from police unions and law enforcement groups.

“Never again should the world be subjected to witnessing what we saw on the streets in Minneapolis, the slow murder of an individual by a uniformed police officer,” said Representative Karen Bass, the chairwoman of the Congressional Black Caucus.

She was joined by Representative Jerrold Nadler of New York, the House Judiciary Committee chairman, and Senators Cory Booker of New Jersey and Kamala Harris of California in introducing the measure.

Immediately beforehand, the four lawmakers joined with Democratic leaders to honor George Floyd, a black man who was killed while being arrested by Minneapolis police. They kneeled for 8 minutes 46 seconds, the length of time an officer pressed his knee on Mr. Floyd’s neck.

Whether Democrats can seize the moment and push the changes into law remains unclear. They expect to pass the legislation swiftly in the Democratic-led House, but President Trump and Republican lawmakers who control the Senate have yet to signal which measures, if any, they would accept.

Mr. Trump has said little about the issue in recent days except to show his support for law and order on Twitter. In an interview with Fox News on Monday, Attorney General William P. Barr reiterated his view that police departments do not have a systemic problem with race.

Mr. Barr said that to draw conclusions about all police officers based on the actions of a few is akin to drawing conclusions about all black people based on negative stereotypes, which he called “one of the legitimate grievances of the African-American community.”

In the interview, Mr. Barr also contradicted Mr. Trump’s claim that he had visited a White House bunker for an inspection during the protests following Mr. Floyd’s death. “Things were so bad that the Secret Service recommended the president go down to the bunker,” Mr. Barr said. “We can’t have that in our country.”

Democrats in Congress will discuss their bill and hear testimony on police brutality and racial profiling at a House Judiciary Committee hearing on Wednesday. Among those set to testify is Philonise Floyd, a brother of George Floyd, according to a committee official familiar with the plans. The committee had yet to announce other witnesses.


Credit…Whitney Curtis for The New York Times

Derek Chauvin appeared in court, where bail was set at up to $1.25 million.





8 Minutes and 46 Seconds: How George Floyd Was Killed in Police Custody

The Times has reconstructed the death of George Floyd on May 25. Security footage, witness videos and official documents show how a series of actions by officers turned fatal. (This video contains scenes of graphic violence.)

It’s a Monday evening in Minneapolis. Police respond to a call about a man who allegedly used a counterfeit $20 bill to buy cigarettes. Seventeen minutes later, the man they are there to investigate lies motionless on the ground, and is pronounced dead shortly after. The man was 46-year-old George Floyd, a bouncer originally from Houston who had lost his job at a restaurant when the coronavirus pandemic hit. Crowd: “No justice, no peace.” Floyd’s death triggered major protests in Minneapolis, and sparked rage across the country. One of the officers involved, Derek Chauvin, has been arrested and charged with second-degree murder. The other three officers have been charged with aiding and abetting murder. The Times analyzed bystander videos, security camera footage and police scanner audio, spoke to witnesses and experts, and reviewed documents released by the authorities to build as comprehensive a picture as possible and better understand how George Floyd died in police custody. The events of May 25 begin here. Floyd is sitting in the driver’s seat of this blue S.U.V. Across the street is a convenience store called Cup Foods. Footage from this restaurant security camera helps us understand what happens next. Note that the timestamp on the camera is 24 minutes fast. At 7:57 p.m., two employees from Cup Foods confront Floyd and his companions about an alleged counterfeit bill he just used in their store to buy cigarettes. They demand the cigarettes back but walk away empty-handed. Four minutes later, they call the police. According to the 911 transcript, an employee says that Floyd used fake bills to buy cigarettes, and that he is “awfully drunk” and “not in control of himself.” Soon, the first police vehicle arrives on the scene. Officers Thomas Lane and J. Alexander Kueng step out of the car and approach the blue S.U.V. Seconds later, Lane pulls his gun. We don’t know exactly why. He orders Floyd to put his hands on the wheel. Lane reholsters the gun, and after about 90 seconds of back and forth, yanks Floyd out of the S.U.V. A man is filming the confrontation from a car parked behind them. The officers cuffed Floyd’s hands behind his back. And Kueng walks him to the restaurant wall. “All right, what’s your name?” From the 911 transcript and the footage, we now know three important facts: First, that the police believed they were responding to a man who was drunk and out of control. But second, even though the police were expecting this situation, we can see that Floyd has not acted violently. And third, that he seems to already be in distress. Six minutes into the arrest, the two officers move Floyd back to their vehicle. As the officers approach their car, we can see Floyd fall to the ground. According to the criminal complaint filed against the officers. Floyd says he is claustrophobic and refuses to enter the police car. During the struggle, Floyd appears to turn his head to address the officers multiple times. According to the complaints, he tells them he can’t breathe. Nine minutes into the arrest, the third and final police car arrives on the scene. It’s carrying officers Tou Thao and Derek Chauvin. Both have previous records of complaints brought against them. Thao was once sued for throwing a man to the ground and hitting him. Chauvin has been involved in three police shootings, one of them fatal. Chauvin becomes involved in the struggle to get Floyd into the car. Security camera footage from Cup Foods shows Kueng struggling with Floyd in the backseat while Thao watches. Chauvin pulls him through the back seat and onto the street. We don’t know why. Floyd is now lying on the pavement, face down. That’s when two witnesses began filming, almost simultaneously. The footage from the first witness shows us that all four officers are now gathered around Floyd. It’s the first moment when we can clearly see that Floyd is face down on the ground with three officers applying pressure to his neck, torso and legs. At 8:20 p.m., we hear Floyd’s voice for the first time. The video stops when Lane appears to tell the person filming to walk away. “Get off to the sidewalk, please. One side or the other, please.” The officers radio a Code 2, a call for non-emergency medical assistance, reporting an injury to Floyd’s mouth. In the background, we can hear Floyd struggling. The call is quickly upgraded to a Code 3, a call for emergency medical assistance. By now another bystander, 17-year-old Darnella Frazier, is filming from a different angle. Her footage shows that despite calls for medical help, Chauvin keeps Floyd pinned down for another seven minutes. We can’t see whether Kueng and Lane are still applying pressure. Floyd: [gasping] Officer: “What do you want?” Bystander: “I’ve been —” Floyd: [gasping] In the two videos, Floyd can be heard telling officers that he can’t breathe at least 16 times in less than five minutes. Bystander: “You having fun?” But Chauvin never takes his knee off of Floyd, even as his eyes close and he appears to go unconscious. Bystander: “Bro.” According to medical and policing experts, these four police officers are committing a series of actions that violate policies, and in this case, turn fatal. They’ve kept Floyd lying face down, applying pressure for at least five minutes. This combined action is likely compressing his chest, and making it impossible to breathe. Chauvin is pushing his knee into Floyd’s neck, a move banned by most police departments. Minneapolis Police Department policy states an officer can only do this if someone is, quote, “actively resisting.” And even though the officers call for medical assistance, they take no action to treat Floyd on their own while waiting for the ambulance to arrive. Officer: “Get back on the sidewalk.” According to the complaints against the officers, Lane asks him twice if they should roll Floyd onto his side. Chauvin says no. Twenty minutes into the arrest, an ambulance arrives on the scene. Bystander: “Get off of his neck!” Bystander: “He’s still on him?” The E.M.T.s check Floyd’s pulse. Bystander: “Are you serious?” Chauvin keeps his knee on Floyd’s neck for almost another whole minute, even though Floyd appears completely unresponsive. He only gets off once the E.M.T.s tell him to. Chauvin’s kept his knee on Floyd’s neck for a total of 8 minutes and 46 seconds, according to the complaint filed against him. Floyd is loaded into the ambulance. The ambulance leaves the scene, possibly because a crowd is forming. But the E.M.T.s call for additional medical help from the fire department. But when the engine arrives, the officers give them, quote, “no clear info on Floyd or his whereabouts,” according to a fire department incident report. This delays their ability to help the paramedics. Meanwhile, Floyd is going into cardiac arrest. It takes the engine five minutes to reach Floyd in the ambulance. He’s pronounced dead at a nearby hospital around 9:25 p.m. Preliminary autopsies conducted by the state, and Floyd’s family, both ruled his death a homicide. The widely circulated arrest videos don’t paint the entire picture of what happened to George Floyd. Crowd: “Floyd! Floyd! Additional video and audio from the body cameras of the key officers would reveal more about why the struggle began and how it escalated. The city quickly fired all four officers. And Chauvin has been charged with second degree murder. Thomas Lane, J. Alexander Kueng and Tou Thao were charged with aiding and abetting murder. But outrage over George Floyd’s death has only spread further and further across the United States.

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The Times has reconstructed the death of George Floyd on May 25. Security footage, witness videos and official documents show how a series of actions by officers turned fatal. (This video contains scenes of graphic violence.)

Bail was set on Monday at up to $1.25 million for Derek Chauvin, the white former Minneapolis police officer charged with murder in the killing of George Floyd, a black man whose death in custody led to nationwide protests.

In the initial hearing in his case at the heavily fortified Hennepin County courthouse, the former officer, Derek Chauvin, a 19-year veteran of the police force, participated through a video feed from jail. Mr. Chauvin, who has been behind bars since he was arrested on May 29, faces charges of second-degree murder and second-degree manslaughter. He faces up to 40 years in prison.

In a video that prompted anguish and outrage across the nation, Mr. Chauvin was seen pressing his knee on the neck of Mr. Floyd for nearly nine minutes. He has become a focus of global anger, referred to as the most hated man in the world. Activists said they were concerned that he would not abide by bail restrictions if he was permitted to go home while awaiting trial.

Mr. Chauvin’s bail would be $1 million if he agrees to certain conditions, including surrendering any firearms he has, remaining in the state until trial, not working in law enforcement and avoiding any contact with the Floyd family.

The bail set for Mr. Chauvin is significantly higher than the bail of at least $750,000 given last week to the three other former officers accused of aiding and abetting in Mr. Floyd’s death.

A lawyer for Mr. Chauvin declined to comment.

Mr. Chauvin’s record at the police department was mixed. He was the subject of at least 17 misconduct complaints over two decades, according to a heavily redacted version of his personnel file that included no details on most of those complaints. He was also given at least two medals of valor.

From Minneapolis to New York, cities are responding to cries to ‘defund the police.’


Credit…Chloe Collyer for The New York Times

Two weeks after the killing of George Floyd in Minneapolis, massive gatherings for racial justice around the country have achieved a scale and level of momentum not seen in decades — and they appear unlikely to run out anytime soon as a number of societal forces propel the movement forward.

Many people filling the streets say the economic devastation of the coronavirus had already cleared their schedules. With jobs lost and colleges shuttered, they have nothing but time. And aggressive responses by the police at protests are only reinforcing their commitment.

“You’re watching injustice take place in every sector of our society,” said Wes Moore, who chronicled the death of Freddie Gray in Baltimore and its aftermath in the book “Five Days.” “Schools have been closed. Students are burdened and under debt. There’s a compounding to the pain.”

The sustained outcry has already led to stark promises for change in several cities, as calls to defund, downsize or abolish police departments gain new traction.

In Minneapolis, where Mr. Floyd was killed on May 25, nine of 13 City Council members publicly promised on Sunday to dismantle the Police Department and create a new system of public safety. Though Mayor Jacob Frey has expressed reservations, the council members said they had enough votes to override any potential veto.

In New York City, Mayor Bill de Blasio pledged to cut the city’s police budget and spend more on social services. The mayor did not say how much funding he planned to divert to social services from the New York Police Department, whose annual $6 billion budget represents more than 6 percent of Mr. de Blasio’s proposed $90 billion budget.

Mayor Eric Garcetti of Los Angeles also announced last week that he would cut as much as $150 million from a planned increase in the Police Department’s budget.

Attorney General William P. Barr spoke against reducing police budgets in an interview with Fox News on Monday.

“I think defunding the police, holding the entire police structure responsible for the actions of certain officers, is wrong,” Mr. Barr said. “I think it is dangerous to demonize police.”

He called the nation’s 900,000 police officers “generally speaking excellent,” and said that the nation would see “chaos” and “more killings” should any major city disband its department.

Biden says he’s against defunding the police.


Credit…Erin Schaff/The New York Times

Asked by CBS’s Norah O’Donnell on Monday if he supported defunding the police, former Vice President Joseph R. Biden Jr. answered: “No, I don’t support defunding the police. I support conditioning federal aid to police based on whether or not they meet certain basic standards of decency and honorableness.”

It was the first time Mr. Biden, the presumptive Democratic presidential nominee, had weighed in on the growing calls for some existing police forces to be dismantled or pared down.

His stance puts him at odds with some on the left of his party, who want to shrink police budgets and make radical changes in law enforcement.

Earlier in the day, a Biden campaign spokesman, Andrew Bates, said Mr. Biden “hears and shares the deep grief and frustration of those calling out for change” and “supports the urgent need for reform.” But Mr. Bates emphasized that Mr. Biden believes providing funding is necessary to help improve policing, including by supporting “community policing programs that improve relationships between officers and residents.”

Mr. Biden traveled to Houston on Monday to meet with the family of George Floyd, whose killing in Minneapolis sparked widespread protests over police brutality and racism in America.

“Listening to one another is what will begin to heal America,” Benjamin Crump, the lawyer working with Mr. Floyd’s family, wrote on Twitter after the meeting.

Minnesota police punctured tires, and a Philadelphia inspector who hit a student was cheered.

Days of protests against police brutality have prompted numerous incidents of police misconduct, many of them captured on video and spread online. Now, more are coming to light.

The Minnesota state government acknowledged on Monday that Minneapolis police officers punctured the tires of parked cars near demonstrations in the city on May 30 and 31, saying that it was a legitimate police tactic because cars were being used to attack protesters and law enforcement officers.

Mother Jones reported the tire-slashing by the police on Saturday, with video clips of officers jabbing the tires of cars.

It was not clear how the officers chose which cars to disable, how many vehicles were affected, or whether those whose tires were slashed, including journalists, would be compensated.

In Philadelphia on Monday, a veteran police inspector who was seen on video beating a Temple University student in the head with a baton at a protest last week turned himself in, while dozens of officers turned out to applaud him in support. The police union, which condemned the charges as baseless, has been selling T-shirts to support the inspector.

Also on Monday, the Buffalo Police Department announced that it had suspended a civilian employee for a “reprehensible social media post.” Local media identified the employee as a police dispatcher who called protesters “wild animals” on Facebook and urged the city’s mayor to “allow the officers to shoot to kill.”

The suspension comes days after two Buffalo police officers in a riot control unit were charged with felony assault after a video showed them shoving a 75-year-old protester to the ground. In a gesture of support for their suspended colleagues, all 57 members of the unit quit the team, although they remained on the police force.

Prosecutors charge a man they say looted a burning police station in Minneapolis.


Credit…Carlos Barria/Reuters

A 23-year-old man has been charged in connection with the fire that gutted a Minneapolis police station, after he was arrested while wearing gear stolen from the station, federal prosecutors said.

Branden M. Wolfe, of St. Paul, faces a charge of aiding and abetting arson on the night of May 28, when a protest over the death of George Floyd turned violent and the Third Precinct station was looted and burned.

Six days later, police officers in St. Paul arrested Mr. Wolfe after receiving a call of a man wearing body armor and wielding a police baton who was trying to get into a home improvement store. According to a statement from the United States attorney’s office in Minneapolis, store employees told the officers that Mr. Wolfe had worked there as a security guard, but had been fired that day after talking about stealing items from the police station.

“At the time of the arrest, Wolfe was wearing multiple items stolen from the Third Precinct, including body armor, a police-issue duty belt with handcuffs, an earphone piece, baton, and knife,” the statement said, adding that he had written his name in duct tape on the back of the body armor.

Officers later recovered other items of Minneapolis Police Department property from his apartment, the statement said, “including a riot helmet, 9mm pistol magazine, police radio, and police issue overdose kit.”

Mr. Wolfe admitted to law enforcement officers that he had taken items from the precinct station the night it was attacked, and had rolled a wooden barrel into a fire there to help keep it burning, the federal prosecutors said. They added that he also identified himself in multiple photos taken that night, showing him in front of the burning building, holding a police baton.

People drive into protests, including one man who says he’s a K.K.K. leader.





Man Drives Into Seattle Protest, Flees While Brandishing Gun

A person drove into a crowd of Seattle protesters on Sunday night, authorities said, and one person was shot.

Oh, God. Oh my God! Oh my God! Look out. Oh no! There’s a gun. There’s a gun. Jesus Christ. Oh, God. They have a gun. He’s got a gun. He’s got a gun. Oh, God. Oh my God. Oh, no. Oh, God. Oh, God. What happened? Car drove in, here. He got out, flashed a gun —

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A person drove into a crowd of Seattle protesters on Sunday night, authorities said, and one person was shot.CreditCredit…Lindsey Wasson/Reuters

In separate incidents on Sunday near Richmond, Va., and in Seattle, people tried to drive their cars into demonstrations and were arrested, the authorities said — the latest in a series of similar attacks on people protesting the death of George Floyd.

The man who drove into a group of protesters in Virginia identified himself as a leader of the Ku Klux Klan, the authorities said, and prosecutors said they were investigating the episode as a possible hate crime.

“Several witnesses reported that a vehicle revved their engine and drove through the protesters occupying the roadway,” the Henrico County Police Division said in a statement.

The driver, Harry H. Rogers, 36, of Hanover County, Va., was arrested and charged with assault and battery, the police said. There were no reports of serious injuries, the police said.

“The accused, by his own admission and by a cursory glance at social media, is an admitted leader of the Ku Klux Klan and a propagandist for Confederate ideology,” said Shannon L. Taylor, the Commonwealth’s Attorney for Henrico County. “We are investigating whether hate crimes charges are appropriate.”

A lawyer for Mr. Rogers could not immediately be reached for comment. It was unclear whether Mr. Rogers’s claims about his membership in the Ku Klux Klan were true.

In the incident in Seattle, part of it captured on video, a man, whose name has not been released, drove into a group of protesters, some of whom pounded on his car. The man shot and wounded one demonstrator, got out of his car brandishing a gun, then left on foot through the crowd and surrendered to officers, the police said.

A man who drove through a group of demonstrators in Brooklyn over the weekend was also arrested.

IBM says it will stop supplying facial recognition software to police departments.

IBM will no longer be a supplier of facial recognition technology used for surveillance by the police, Arvind Krishna, the company’s chief executive, wrote in a letter to Congress on Monday.

Mr. Krishna, who became IBM’s chief executive in April, portrayed the company’s position as a stand of principle and urged other technology companies to adopt the same policy.

In his letter to Congress, Mr. Krishna said IBM “firmly opposes” the use of technology supplied by any company for mass surveillance or racial profiling.

The move by IBM is a significant symbolic step. The company has been active in facial recognition technology research as one branch of its work in the field of artificial intelligence. But it is not a major product for the company.

Still, IBM has a long history of working closely with law enforcement agencies, going back decades to the development CompStat systems used to gather information and analyze crime trends. In recent years, it has developed technology for what it has marketed as “predictive policing.”

A viewing for George Floyd is held in Houston.





Mourners Honor George Floyd at Viewing in Houston

Hundreds of mourners waited outside a southwest Houston church to grieve and pray by the body of George Floyd.

[music] “Well we called him ‘Big Floyd.’ Everybody — his name is George, but we called him ‘Big Floyd.’ Man he was just a gentle giant, man, humble person. Like I said, he’d give you the shirt off his back if you needed it, whatever you wanted, man he’d give it to you. He was inspirational, kept everybody laughing. He was just a joyful spirit. And it’s just hard to see the incident happen to him. But I think it was for a better purpose because he is spreading the word all over the world. It’s actually bigger than him, right now.” “His death wasn’t in vain. You know, he definitely started a movement that it was about time. And I just — it felt really, just emotional to see him. And I just wanted to give my condolences, and I also felt proud that, you know, his death, it’s changed the world.”

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Hundreds of mourners waited outside a southwest Houston church to grieve and pray by the body of George Floyd.CreditCredit…Michael Starghill Jr. for The New York Times

Houston mourned for George Floyd at a public viewing on Monday that stretched for more than six hours and became not so much a rally or a protest but an open-air memorial for a city’s fallen son.

Because of coronavirus precautions, only a few mourners at a time were allowed inside the Fountain of Praise church. Many wore masks, including some emblazoned with Mr. Floyd’s anguished cry, “I can’t breathe.”

The majority were African-American, but there was a diversity in the crowd — one young white man held a bouquet of flowers as he stood in line. People held umbrellas, waved fans and sat in a cooling tent as the heat and humidity soaked faces and shirts.

“I’m going to wait in line all day if it’s necessary,” said Charles Edward Jackson, 70, a retired bus driver.

From noon to the end of the service shortly after 6 p.m., nearly 6,400 people walked past Mr. Floyd’s coffin, said a spokeswoman for Fort Bend Memorial Planning Center, the funeral home handling the arrangements.

Gov. Greg Abbott of Texas, who met later with the Floyd family privately inside the church, was among the first to pay his respects.

“This is the most horrific tragedy I’ve ever personally observed,” Governor Abbott, a Republican, said of Mr. Floyd’s death in police custody. “George Floyd is going to change the arc of the future of the United States. George Floyd has not died in vain.”

Carol Wright, 48, wiped tears from her eyes as she left the church.

“I wasn’t expecting the casket to be open, so that kind of caught me,” said Ms. Wright, an information technology consultant from the Houston suburb of Katy. “I was thinking about him calling for his mother and thinking about so many black men I know that age.”

The white police chief in Portland, Ore., resigns and asks a black lieutenant to take her place.


Credit…Terray Sylvester/Reuters

The white police chief in Portland, Ore., announced that she was resigning from her leadership position on Monday and that she had asked a black lieutenant to replace her. The move comes after days of protests and chaos in the largely white, liberal city of 650,000.

“Over the last 10 days, I’ve watched our city, I’ve listened, and I hear you,” the outgoing chief, Jami Resch, said at a news conference. “I have asked our community time and time again, what do we need to do? And each time we hear them say, ‘Show us change.’”

Ms. Resch, a veteran of the department who had served as chief for less than six months, said she would remain on the police force in an undetermined capacity.

“To say this is unexpected would be an understatement,” her successor, Charles Lovell, said at the news conference. Chief Lovell praised Ms. Resch as a “selfless, caring leader” who wanted to do what was right for the community.

He also directly addressed the death of George Floyd in Minneapolis, whose fatal encounter with the police was captured on video that has driven two weeks of anger and demands for change nationwide.

“As I watched the agonizing minutes tick by, it wasn’t the tactics, it wasn’t the number of officers there,” he said. “It was really the lack of care and compassion.”

“It almost felt like, ‘You’re not important,’” he added. He promised to fight against that idea in his police force and his city.

While tensions have eased in the last few days between protesters and police in many cities, Portland has continued to see confrontations, with officers repeatedly using tear gas to disperse demonstrators.

Reporting was contributed by Mike Baker, Kim Barker, Katie Benner, Chris Cameron, Helene Cooper, Nick Cumming-Bruce, John Eligon, Nicholas Fandos, Jacey Fortin, Tess Felder, Manny Fernandez, Thomas Gibbons-Neff, Katie Glueck, Adam Goldman, Russell Goldman, Jack Healy, Lara Jakes, Zolan Kanno-Youngs, Thomas Kaplan, Eric Killelea, Mark Landler, Dan Levin, Steve Lohr, Constant Meheut, Sarah Mervosh, Richard Perez-Pena, Aaron Randle, Katie Rogers, Dana Rubinstein, Marc Santora, Eric Schmitt, Dionne Searcey, Ashley Southall and Farah Stockman.