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Just steps from the White House in Lafayette Square, a group of protesters clashed with officers as they sought to clear out the park.CreditCredit…Drew Angerer/Getty Images

Protesters try to topple a statue of Andrew Jackson near the White House.

Protesters threw ropes over a statue of President Andrew Jackson near the White House on Monday night and tried to pull it down, in the latest attempt to remove memorials of marred historical figures, including Confederate leaders and Christopher Columbus.

Police officers with riot shields and pepper spray confronted the demonstrators in Lafayette Park, leading to some tense encounters shared on social media. The statue of Jackson on horseback ultimately remained upright, unlike dozens that have been toppled or taken down in recent weeks as the nation grapples with systemic racism.

Jackson, the seventh president, owned slaves and put into place policies that forced Native Americans from their land, with some 15,000 people dying on the Trail of Tears.

President Trump, who had a portrait of Jackson hung in the Oval Office shortly after his inauguration, condemned “the disgraceful vandalism” of “the magnificent Statue” in a tweet late Monday night.

Several other presidential statues have recently been targeted.

Protesters in Portland, Ore., toppled a statue of George Washington, and a statue of Ulysses S. Grant was pulled to the ground in San Francisco. The American Museum of Natural History in New York announced it would take down a statue of Theodore Roosevelt, and some City Council members want a statue of Thomas Jefferson removed from City Hall.

The dismantling of contentious statues began with a focus on those honoring members of the Confederacy. For weeks, protesters have converged on a statue of the commander Robert E. Lee in Richmond, Va., one of the most prominent on the city’s Monument Avenue.

On Monday, state officials announced that the Lee statue, which Gov. Ralph Northam has been trying to remove, would be closed to the public from sunset to sunrise. Officials outlined a list of safety concerns, including vandalism, trespassing, littering and public urination.

According to the state’s order, police officers will “encourage voluntary compliance” before taking any enforcement action. But it was unclear whether protesters would respect the closure order.

Mel Leonor, a reporter for The Richmond Times-Dispatch, wrote on Twitter that a crowd of protesters cheered on Monday when one suggested that they meet at the monument after 8 p.m. regardless of the closure.

One person was treated for injuries after gunfire in Seattle.

Credit…Ruth Fremson/The New York Times

Another night of gunfire at Seattle’s protester-led “autonomous zone” sent a person to the hospital with injuries, the second round of gun violence over the weekend in an area where officers had pulled out of the police station.

Susan Gregg, a spokeswoman at Harborview Medical Center, said one person who had been shot in or near the zone was brought by private vehicle for treatment late Sunday night. The victim was in serious condition, Ms. Gregg said. The Seattle Police Department said it was investigating a reported shooting inside the zone.

On Saturday morning, separate shootings left a 19-year-old man dead and another in critical condition.

The zone was declared this month in the wake of clashes between protesters and the police after the death of George Floyd, a black man whose death in police custody in Minneapolis touched off protests around the world.

Seattle decided to board up the police station in the neighborhood in hopes of de-escalating tensions after several nights of standoffs in the streets.

But the city has found in meetings with businesses and residents in the area around Cal Anderson Park that the situation in the neighborhood has become more dangerous at night, said Kelsey Nyland, a spokeswoman for Mayor Jenny Durkan.

Ms. Durkan said she was working with different groups to focus on de-escalation strategies in the neighborhood.

A public viewing for Rayshard Brooks is held in Atlanta.


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Rayshard Brooks, the black man who was fatally shot by an Atlanta police officer on June 12, was mourned at Ebenezer Baptist Church.CreditCredit…Erik S Lesser/EPA, via Shutterstock

The family of Rayshard Brooks, the 27-year-old black man who was fatally shot by the police in Atlanta on June 12, honored his life at a public viewing on Monday.

The hourslong viewing took place at Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta, where the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. served as co-pastor with his father from 1960 until he was assassinated in 1968.

A private funeral service for Mr. Brooks is scheduled for Tuesday afternoon, when he will be eulogized by the Rev. Raphael G. Warnock, the church’s senior pastor and a Democratic candidate for the United States Senate.

Dr. King’s daughter, the Rev. Bernice A. King, will also speak at the funeral, CNN reported. Tyler Perry, the television and film actor, producer and director, has offered to cover the funeral costs, according to the family’s lawyer.

Mr. Brooks’s fatal encounter with the police, which was captured on body-camera and witness video, touched off angry protests in Atlanta, and gave new impetus to efforts across America to address systemic racism and excessive use of force by the police.

The encounter began when two officers awakened Mr. Brooks, who had fallen asleep at the wheel of a car in the drive-through line of a Wendy’s restaurant. It remained calm for more than 40 minutes as the two officers questioned him and performed a sobriety test. But when they tried to arrest him, he scuffled with them, broke away and ran. One of the officers, Garrett Rolfe, shot him in the back after Mr. Brooks fired a stolen police Taser.

Mr. Rolfe, who was fired from the police force the next day, has been charged with 11 counts, including murder. The other officer, Devin Brosnan, has been charged with three counts, including aggravated assault.

Thousands of university workers receive a racist email from a mortgage company.

Thousands of people affiliated with universities including Harvard, Stanford and the University of Michigan received a violently racist email over the weekend that seemed to be from Equity Prime Mortgage, a company that had recently fired the stepmother of a former Atlanta police officer accused of killing a black man.

“Equity Prime is a lender for WHITES only!!” said the email, according to a version some recipients circulated on Twitter. “That’s how we have such low rates!”

The email also included a slur for African-Americans and a reference to lynching.

It was unclear why prominent universities were targeted, but email addresses of professors are often fairly public. A Harvard professor, Robert F. Reid-Pharr, wrote on Twitter that he had previously received racist emails, but never with the “bluntness and directness” of this one.

Equity Prime said in a statement that the company was “a victim of a malicious racially charged email campaign,” and was working with the F.B.I. to determine what entity or organization was responsible. A list of email addresses that did not belong to the company was used to populate a “Pre-Qualify for a Loan” web form, the statement said.

Until last week, the human resources director at Equity Prime was Melissa Rolfe, whose stepson, Garrett Rolfe, is charged with felony murder in the fatal shooting of Rayshard Brooks outside a Wendy’s restaurant. There is no evidence that Ms. Rolfe was responsible for the email, which was sent after she was fired.

Equity Prime said it fired Ms. Rolfe because she had created a “hostile” working environment, and many co-workers no longer felt comfortable with her, according to a message prominently posted on its website.

Ms. Rolfe did not respond to requests for comment.

In a message to the Stanford community, the university’s chief information officer, Steve Gallagher, said that about 3,600 people with Stanford email addresses had received “a racially offensive email” before the university blocked its distribution.

The president of Harvard, Lawrence Bacow, called the email “abhorrent.”

“Thousands of our community members received a hate-filled, racist email threatening African Americans,” Mr. Bacow wrote in a message to the Harvard community, adding, “Please do not open it.”

The NASCAR garage where a noose was found had cameras, officials say.


Credit…Chris Graythen/Getty Images

The garage at an Alabama racetrack where someone placed a noose inside the stall of the lone black driver in NASCAR’s top racing series was fitted with surveillance cameras, officials said Monday, potentially offering crucial clues in an inquiry that has drawn in the federal authorities.

The episode on Sunday, in the garage stall of Darrell “Bubba” Wallace Jr. at the Talladega Superspeedway, came less than two weeks after NASCAR, at Mr. Wallace’s urging, banned the Confederate battle flag from its races and properties, and as the motor sports empire opened a new effort to distance itself from its history of racism.

In a statement on Monday, Jay E. Town, the United States attorney for the Northern District of Alabama, said that federal officials were “reviewing the situation surrounding the noose that was found in Bubba Wallace’s garage to determine whether there are violations of federal law.”

“Regardless of whether federal charges can be brought, this type of action has no place in our society,” Mr. Town said.

The Justice Department announced its review, which is operating in parallel to an investigation by NASCAR, hours before Mr. Wallace was scheduled to drive at Talladega, where Sunday’s NASCAR Cup Series race was postponed because of bad weather.

“This will not break me,” Mr. Wallace said in a statement on Sunday night, after NASCAR announced that a noose had been found. “I will not give in, nor will I back down. I will continue to proudly stand for what I believe in.”

Protests have caused many white Americans to acknowledge racism. Will it last?


Credit…Amr Alfiky/The New York Times

The sustained outcry over the killing of George Floyd in police custody has compelled many white Americans to acknowledge the anti-black racism that is prevalent in the United States — and perhaps even examine their own culpability.

Large numbers of white Americans have attended racial justice demonstrations, purchased books about racial inequality and registered for webinars on how to raise children who are anti-racist. Some have asked themselves pointed questions, like how much professional advantage they have garnered from being white, and whether they would willingly cede it if they could. Others are going to tattoo parlors to cover up images of Confederate flags, swastikas and Ku Klux Klan symbols on their bodies.

Amy Harmon and Audra D.S. Burch write that it is hard to know yet how deep or wide these responses run — and whether they are the result of pressure from peers to appear tolerant, or a sign of meaningful action to come.

In some of the same communities where white liberals have been marching with Black Lives Matter signs, efforts to integrate public schools and neighborhoods have met steep resistance. And what some consider a profound questioning of white supremacy can seem to others to be laughably little and unconscionably late.

The most frustrating thing about this moment, said Jeremy O. Harris, a playwright and the writer of “Slave Play,” is “listening to white people say this is the first time they realize how bad it is.”

In interviews, some white Americans admitted that even the process of reflecting on racism underscored for them how little grasp they had of the everyday experience of being black in America.

“Many white Americans have chosen places to live, places to send their children to school, places to vacation, jobs to pursue, in ways that allow them to avoid thinking about racial inequality,” said Jennifer Chudy, a political scientist at Wellesley College. Her research suggests that only one in five white Americans consistently expresses high levels of sympathy about racial discrimination against black Americans.

a Roosevelt statue at the American Museum of Natural History will be removed.


Credit…Caitlin Ochs for The New York Times

The bronze statue of Theodore Roosevelt, on horseback and flanked by a Native American man and an African man, which has presided over the entrance to the American Museum of Natural History in New York since 1940, is coming down.

The decision, proposed by the museum and agreed to by New York City, which owns the building and property, came after years of objections from activists and at a time of reckoning about the country’s past. For many, the equestrian statue at the museum’s Central Park West entrance has come to symbolize a painful legacy of colonial expansion and racial discrimination.

“Over the last few weeks, our museum community has been profoundly moved by the ever-widening movement for racial justice that has emerged after the killing of George Floyd,” the museum’s president, Ellen V. Futter, said. “We have watched as the attention of the world and the country has increasingly turned to statues as powerful and hurtful symbols of systemic racism.”

Ms. Futter made clear that the museum’s decision was based on the statue itself — namely its “hierarchical composition”— and not on Roosevelt, whom the museum continues to honor as “a pioneering conservationist.”

“Simply put,” she added, “the time has come to move it.”

The museum took action amid a heated national debate over the appropriateness of statues or monuments that first focused on Confederate symbols like Robert E. Lee and has now moved on to a wider arc of figures, including Christopher Columbus and Winston Churchill.

Last week alone, a crowd set fire to a statue of George Washington in Portland, Ore., before pulling it to the ground. Gunfire broke out during a protest in Albuquerque to demand the removal of a statue of Juan de Oñate, the despotic conquistador of New Mexico. And New York City Council members demanded that a statue of Thomas Jefferson be removed from City Hall.

An N.Y.P.D. officer is suspended after appearing to use a banned chokehold on a black man.

The New York Police Department suspended an officer without pay on Sunday, after cellphone video showed the officer appearing to use an illegal chokehold in making an arrest.

The encounter took place on the Rockaway boardwalk Sunday morning, nine days after the City Council passed a law that, among other things, made the use of a chokehold by the police a criminal offense.

The law was passed in response to weeks of protests in New York and across the country against police brutality and systemic racism in law enforcement. The man who was arrested on the boardwalk, Ricky Bellevue, is 35 and black. His relatives say he has a history of mental illness.

The police commissioner, Dermot F. Shea, said on Twitter on Sunday evening that, after a “swift investigation,” the officer involved in the “disturbing apparent chokehold incident in Queens has been suspended without pay.”

“While a full investigation is still underway, there is no question in my mind that this immediate action is necessary,” Commissioner Shea said. “We are committed to transparency as this process continues.”

Body camera footage released by the Police Department showed Mr. Bellevue and two other men, all of whom appear to be intoxicated, taunting police officers for about 10 minutes while the officers remain calm and even laugh. Then, Mr. Bellevue reaches into a trash can and appears to be holding something. He asks twice if the officers are scared, before the officer wearing the camera rushes in to grab him.

The cellphone video of the encounter shows three officers on top of Mr. Bellevue, including one who appears to press his forearm into the man’s neck for 10 seconds while bystanders yell that he is being choked.

Lori Zeno, the executive director of Queens Defenders, which is representing Mr. Bellevue, identified that officer as David Afanador. The shield number seen in the video matches Officer Afanador’s name in a public database of federal lawsuits against the police that is maintained by the Legal Aid Society.

Mr. Bellevue lost consciousness during the arrest, Ms. Zeno said, and he had a bloody scalp and swollen wrists when she saw him at the police station. “He was on such a hard chokehold that he couldn’t speak to say he couldn’t breathe,” she said. He was taken into custody on suspicion of disorderly conduct, obstructing governmental administration and resisting arrest, she said.

New York State enacted a law two weeks ago making it a felony for the police to use chokeholds that result in serious physical injury or death. But the City Council legislation goes further, applying to any maneuver intended to cut off breathing, regardless of whether it results in injury.

Efforts to change Mississippi’s state flag are gaining momentum.


Credit…Rogelio V. Solis/Associated Press

In passionate debate over removing Confederate symbols across the South, one of the most conspicuous holdouts is Mississippi, which has the battle flag of Robert E. Lee’s rebel army prominently embedded in its state flag and has resisted efforts to change it for decades.

With Confederate statues and other monuments with racist associations being toppled across the country in the wave of Black Lives Matter protests, the debate over the Mississippi flag has gathered momentum.

“This is the time we’re going to get this done,” said the Rev. Darren Leach, the senior pastor at Genesis Church in Columbus, Miss., near the Alabama state line. “It’s a good chance for the good people of Mississippi to just do what they know they should do: Get us out from under this blight. The flag is a blight.”

The pressure has ratcheted up in recent weeks as forces outside Mississippi have denounced the flag.

The National Collegiate Athletic Association announced on Friday that it would not host any championship events in states where the Confederate battle flag was a prominent, sanctioned symbol. The day before, the Southeastern Conference made a similar threat; two of its 14 members are the University of Mississippi and Mississippi State.

Business leaders have also been vocal about the flag being an economic liability in a state that is already one of the poorest in the country.

The flag is deeply polarizing in the state. A referendum to change it failed overwhelmingly in 2001, but a poll taken this month found that supporters and opponents are now in a statistical tie, broken largely on racial and partisan lines. And in recent weeks, many in the Republican-dominated State Legislature have signaled a willingness to see it changed.

A recent survey of lawmakers conducted by Mississippi Today, a nonprofit news organization, found that 65 members of the House and Senate wanted the Legislature to change the flag; seven wanted to keep the flag; and 51 from both houses wanted voters to decide.

Defenders of the flag have also mobilized, calling the challenge to the flag an assault on their history and culture by left-wing radicals. “This is not about a flag,” Chris McDaniel, a Republican state senator, said in a Facebook video for his supporters. “It’s about finally and firmly saying no.”

Britain honors a generation of Caribbean migrants on Windrush Day.


Credit…Toby Melville/Reuters

Britain commemorated Windrush Day on Monday, a celebration to honor a generation of Caribbean migrants who were invited in 1948 to rebuild the economy after the devastation of World War II.

The British government introduced the day to celebrate the contributions of the migrants in 2018, after a scandal that saw hundreds of them wrongly detained, deported or denied legal rights.

Thousands of Caribbean migrants arrived in Britain between 1948 and 1973 and were given an automatic right to live and work without need for additional documentation. They were called the “Windrush generation” because the first group arrived in Britain in June 1948 on board the Empire Windrush passenger liner.

But when the British government introduced new immigration laws in 2012, members of the Windrush community were unable to prove their legal immigration status and many of them were stripped of their rights.

In 2018, the government apologized and insisted that members of the Windrush community were welcome, and a compensation program was introduced for those who had been wrongfully detained or deported.

Fewer than 5 percent of claims made under the program have been paid out, according to official figures, and a group of Windrush campaigners went to Downing Street last week to deliver a petition signed by more than 130,000 people, demanding that the government speed up compensation payments and address the failings that resulted in the scandal.

Reporting was contributed by Jason M. Bailey, Mike Baker, Alan Blinder, Aimee Ortiz, Azi Paybarah, Sean Piccoli, Robin Pogrebin, Rick Rojas, Ashley Southall, Will Wright, Ceylan Yeginsu and Mihir Zaveri.