Bringing up the Iowa caucuses should come with a trigger warning for Iowa Democrats like Pat Copley.
“I was in shock,” Copley, who lives in Marshalltown, Iowa, said. “And then it just went on and on … and on.”
It’s been a little more than five months since the debacle that was the Iowa caucuses. That first contest to pick a Democratic presidential nominee went horribly wrong thanks to a faulty smart phone app. Former South Bend, Ind., Mayor Pete Buttigieg claimed victory before the night was over and counting the results took days. The contest was one many in the Democratic Party were ready to put behind them.
Not so fast.
Both Republicans and Democrats are giving the state a lot of attention and money in the run-up to November. Many political watchers are calling the state a “toss-up.”
Copley, a retired cardiac arrhythmia technician, volunteered and caucused for Vermont Sen. Bernie Sanders, who won Marshall County in February. She is not excited to vote for the presumptive Democratic presidential nominee, Joe Biden. But she is eager for Donald Trump to be a one-term president.
It’s a similar situation she found herself in four years ago when voting for Hillary Clinton. She says back then she could sympathize with Trump voters who didn’t like their options.
“Your basic poor or working poor or even middle class people were disgusted and wanted just to shake it up,” Copley said — disgusted, she says, with the choice between Clinton and Trump.
Marshall is one of the many rural counties in Iowa that flipped from voting for Barack Obama twice to Trump in 2016. But this year, the local pork plant and the Iowa Veterans Home have both had COVID-19 outbreaks.
Mark Smith, who represents Marshalltown in the state legislature and took over as chair of the Iowa Democratic Party right after the caucus meltdown, says voters here are energized because they believe Trump’s policies have hurt the state.
“The trade wars have hurt agriculture, which is so significant to our state,” Smith said. “His saddling up to big oil has caused us problems with ethanol.”
Rural Iowa went big for Trump in 2016 and he carried the state by nearly 10 points. Two years later, Republican Gov. Kim Reynolds won her gubernatorial race while Democrats flipped two House seats.
“We are purple and woe to any chair that misses that point that Iowa is a swing state,” Jeff Kaufmann, chair of the Republican Party of Iowa, said.
That said, Kaufmann says he feels good about his party’s registration numbers following very competitive caucuses on the Democratic side.
“We wondered if we wouldn’t see registration numbers spike to a very large degree and it’s hard sometimes to stop that spreading once it starts,” Kaufmann said.
Kaufmann points to the recent North American free trade agreement, the USMCA, as a victory for Iowa farmers.
Polls here show Trump and Republican Sen. Joni Ernst’s approval ratings are falling. That may be why last month Ernst tweeted a video challenging her Democratic opponent, real estate executive Theresa Greenfield, who she accuses of hiding from voters.
“I haven’t heard Theresa Greenfield say one thing that [Senate Majority Leader] Chuck Schumer hasn’t told her to say,” Ernst said. “I’m challenging Ms. Greenfield to six debates, two each month, starting in August. Let’s let the Iowans hear what we have to say.”
Greenfield won her four-way June primary race last month with a record number of ballots cast — mostly by absentee. Iowa’s Republican secretary of state had mailed every registered voter an absentee ballot request form to encourage voting from home during the pandemic.
Campaigning during a pandemic looks a lot different. There are fewer picnics and parades, and the Iowa State Fair was cancelled. A lot of events are held on video conferencing meetings.
But with or without the usual campaigning, there’s a more favorable mood for Democrats in Iowa, says pollster J. Ann Selzer. She’s the person behind the Iowa Poll published in the Des Moines Register.
“There has been a heavy burden that this state has carried that included issues with trade, with tariffs,” Selzer said. “And then with the vulnerable industries like meat processing plants during COVID-19. Iowa’s just in a position to be in maybe more ready than other states to make a change.”
While Biden came in fourth during the caucuses, his campaign has announced a senior team here and he’ll be back in Iowa later this month — in the form of a virtual event, of course.